Tag: permitted development

Permitted Development

Understanding the Distinction Between Prior Approval and Permitted Development

In the realm of urban planning and land use, two terms often crop up: “prior approval” and “permitted development.” While these terms might seem interchangeable at first glance, they actually represent distinct processes that play crucial roles in regulating and guiding development activities. Both mechanisms offer a balance between facilitating development and safeguarding the interests of the community and environment. This article aims to elucidate the differences between prior approval and permitted development. Shedding light on their significance within the realm of urban planning.

Permitted Development: Navigating Development Rights

“Permitted development” refers to specific types of construction, alterations, or changes of use that are granted an automatic planning permission by law, without the need for a formal planning application. This streamlined process allows for minor developments that have been deemed acceptable within certain parameters. The main goal of permitted development rights is to encourage smaller-scale developments that do not require a full planning process. Ultimately promoting flexibility and efficiency in the planning system.

Common examples of permitted development include small extensions, loft conversions, and certain changes of use. Such as, converting offices into residential spaces. However, it’s important to note that permitted development rights are not absolute. Local authorities can remove or limit these rights in specific areas through the use of Article 4 Directions, which means that even minor developments would require formal planning permission.

Prior Approval: Seeking Approval for Specific Aspects

Prior approval, on the other hand, pertains to a process by which developers must seek the approval of the local planning authority for specific aspects of a development that fall under permitted development rights. While the broader development might be considered acceptable under permitted development, certain factors like design, appearance, impact on the local environment, and infrastructure considerations require assessment and approval through the prior approval process.

For example, a developer might want to convert a commercial building into residential units, which is permitted development. However, the local planning authority might require prior approval for aspects such as the impact on transport and highways, contamination risks, and flooding. This process ensures that even developments granted permitted development rights are subject to scrutiny. Guaranteeing that potential negative impacts are addressed before construction begins.

Key Differences and Significance

Scope of Regulation: The fundamental difference between prior approval and permitted development lies in the scope of regulation. Permitted development focuses on the types of development that are automatically granted planning permission. While prior approval targets specific aspects of those developments that might have significant implications for the surrounding environment and community.

Assessment Process: Permitted development does not require a formal planning application, as the rights are automatically granted. On the other hand, prior approval involves a formal application process specifically for the aspects requiring approval. This process allows local planning authorities to assess and mitigate potential issues.

Flexibility vs. Scrutiny: Permitted development offers flexibility by streamlining the approval process for smaller-scale developments. Prior approval introduces an additional layer of scrutiny, ensuring that potential problems are addressed even within the context of permitted development.

Balancing Interests: Both mechanisms strive to balance the interests of developers and the community. Permitted development facilitates small-scale construction without overwhelming the planning system. While prior approval ensures that even streamlined developments meet certain standards and requirements.

In conclusion, the distinction between prior approval and permitted development lies in their focus and process within the urban planning landscape. Permitted development grants automatic planning permission for specific types of developments. While prior approval addresses specific aspects of those developments that require assessment and approval. Both mechanisms contribute to a nuanced approach to urban planning that seeks to accommodate development while safeguarding the interests of communities and the environment.

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Permitted Development

Home additions you can build without planning permission 

Are you looking to extend your home but are dreading the thought of applying and waiting for planning permission? Then you’re in the right place! Here we divulge in the renovation projects you can achieve under permitted development.  

What you can build without full planning permission –  

A standard loft conversion –  

Transforming a loft into a liveable space can be a cost-effective way to add more space. In the UK, you won’t need planning permission as long as the conversion is no higher than the highest part of the roof. Also, if you use similar materials to the existing house.  

To be permitted development any additional roof space created must not exceed these volume allowances:  

  • 40 cubic metres for terraced houses.  
  • 50 cubic metres for detached and semi-detached houses. 

However, the roof enlargement can’t hang over the outer wall of the house.  

A single storey extension –  

You can build a single storey rear and side under permitted development rights. Although, there a lot of conditions you must follow, for example: 

  • The extension is built on the side or rear of the home 
  • Cannot extend past the rear wall by 3 metres for an attached property or 4 metres for a detached home 
  • Building materials must be similar to the existing property 
  • It takes up less than 50% of the land surrounding the property 
  • Must be less than 4 metres in height or 3 metres if it is within 2 metres of a boundary 
  • Any eaves or ridges must be no taller than the original property 

Replace the windows and doors –  

If you are simply replacing the windows with a similar size and style then you won’t need to apply for planning permission. However, if you want to add new windows then you will need planning permission. Also, if your house is a listed building you will need to get permission.  

You don’t usually need to apply for planning permission for:  

  • repairs, maintenance, and minor improvements, such as repainting window and door frames 
  • insertion of new windows and doors that are of a similar appearance to those used in the construction of the house (note – a new bay window will be treated as an extension and may require permission). If new windows are in an upper-floor side elevation they must be obscure-glazed and either non opening or more than 1.7 metres above the floor level 
  • installation of internal secondary glazing. 

Installing roof Lanterns and skylights –  

Installing rooflights can be a great way to increase the natural light in a home. They are usually under permitted development. But mustn’t stick out by more than 150mm from the plane of the roof.  

Image credit: Billy Bolton

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Permitted Development, Planning Permission

The difference between permitted development and planning permission

What’s the difference between planning and permitted development? This is one of the most frequently asked questions at Pro Arkitects. Many people often don’t know what each of them mean or get the two confused. So, this blog will explain the differences between the two.  

The definition of both applications –  

Firstly, planning permission is formal consent from your local authority to build or alter your home. This is in place to deter inappropriate developments.  

Permitted development is a pre-determined planning consent to carry out certain improvements to your home.  

What is the difference between the two?  

So, full planning permission is asking permission to build. It’s usually required when building a new dwelling or making extensive changes to an existing one. In addition, a planning application can take up to 10 weeks to decide. This includes a 2-week validation period and an 8-week decision period.  

Whereas, permitted development is simply notifying your local authority of your intension to do so. This was created, so that you can extend/ renovate your home without the need of full planning. As previously mentioned, works that require planning permission will require the submission of an application, whereas those that fall within Permitted Development rights do not, however, we would always advise applying for a Certificate of Lawful Development. Although, permitted development doesn’t require a decision time the application can also take up to 10 weeks. However, overall permitted development is quicker and cheaper.  

What requires planning permission?  

The most common are:  

  • Firstly, Change of use  
  • Two storey extension  
  • Changes to a listed building 
  • Finally, Demolish property and rebuild 

Things you can do within permitted development –  

  • Create a porch 
  • Convert the loft  
  • Install a conservatory  
  • Add windows and roof lights 
  • Build a shed or an outbuilding  
  • Rear or side single storey extension

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Advice Center, Planning Permission

Learn all about permitted development rights

What are permitted development rights?  

Permitted development rights are an automatic grant of planning permission that allows certain building works and changes of use to be carried out without having to make a planning application.  

What you can do under permitted development –  

While it’s essential to check with your local council first, permitted development rights should provide you with automatic planning permission for:  

  • Firstly, a small extension  
  • Single storey extension  
  • Double storey extension  
  • Demolition  
  • Certain change of use  
  • Loft conversion  
  • Garage conversion  
  • Basement conversion  
  • A porch less than 3m3  
  • Internal alterations  
  • Finally, rooflights or dormer windows not facing the highway  

When are the rights more restricted?  

In some areas of the country, generally known as designated areas, permitted development rights are more restricted. For example:  

  • A conservation area 
  • National Park  
  • Area of outstanding natural beauty  
  • Or a world heritage site 

You will need to apply for planning permission for certain types of work that don’t need an application in other areas. There are also different requirements if the property is a listed building.  

How much can you extend under permitted development  

For a large single-storey rear extension on a detached house, you can extend between 4m up to 8m. Whereas, for any other house can be extended 3m up to 6m, under permitted development. However, for larger projects, you may be likely to go through the neighbour consultation scheme. If your neighbours raise concerns, then your local authority will decide whether your plans can go ahead.  

In addition, you can build a single-storey side extension up to half the width of the existing dwelling. A single-storey rear extension up to 4m in length for a detached dwelling and 3m long for a semi or a terrace house; and, in certain circumstances, 3m two-storey rear extensions.  

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Building an upwards extension in 2022: new permitted development rules

In 2020, you might have heard about some of the changes that were made to the permitted development rights. These changes mean that you could do more to your property without planning permission. Since that point, additional information has come to light that might affect how you proceed with your project. In addition, here’s everything to know about permitted development in 2022.  

What is permitted development rights?  

Permitted development rights are a national grant of planning permission. Which allow certain building works and changes of use to be carried out without having to make a planning application.  

What is an upwards extension?  

An upwards extension is basically adding more storeys to your home. However, with the new rule’s homeowners, developers, and landlords can build upwards and add up to two storeys without the need for planning permission. The government has enforced this rule because there is a housing shortage and they are eager to not concrete over green space.   

Homes that were excluded from the changes –  

  • Listed buildings  
  • Flats or maisonettes 
  • Some new developments  
  • Homes within Scotland, Wales, or Northern Ireland. 

The new permitted development rights for an upwards extension means that the following buildings can add a maximum of two storeys:  

  • Detached commercial buildings  
  • Detached houses (to build new flats) 
  • Houses (if the new storeys are to extend a home) 
  • Terraced/ semi-detached commercial buildings  
  • Terraced/ semi-detached (to build new flats) 
  • Detached, purpose-built blocks 

Benefits of building upwards –  

Firstly, creating new homes by adding extra storeys on an existing building will help homeowners, developers, and landlords, maximise the space they own. By extending upwards you will also not be cutting into your garden space.  

Which is a good thing if you live in the city because the greener areas you have the less pollution there is.  

Building upwards is cheaper than a regular extension. This is because you don’t need to buy roofing materials for the first floor and you don’t need foundation materials for the second storey.  

Upwards extension

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Advice Center

Everything to know about Area of outstanding natural beauty (AONB)

What is an area of outstanding natural beauty?

An AONB is an area of countryside in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, that has been designated for conservation due to its significant landscape value. It is also protected by the countryside and rights of way act 2000 (CROW Act).

How are AONBs made?

Natural England can make orders to designate areas of outstanding natural beauty or vary the boundaries of existing ones. Before natural England proposes an area to become an AONB, it must meet the natural beauty criterion. This could be multiple different factors, such as:

Landscape quality.

Scenic quality.

Relative wildness, such as distance from housing or having few roads.

Natural heritage features, such as distinct species and habitat.

Relative tranquillity, where all you can hear is natural sounds.

Cultural heritage.

History –

The idea that would eventually become the AONB designation was first put forward by John Dower in 1945. Dower was a civil servant and architect, who was a secretary of the standing committee on national parks. Dower suggested there was a need for the protection of certain naturally beautiful landscapes that were unsuitable as national parks. They were usually unsuitable because of their small size and lack of wildness.

Can you build or renovate an area of outstanding natural beauty?

Before developing your property, it is important for you to know what rights you have as a property owner in an AONB. Because of the area, your permitted development rights may be reduced, and planning permission grants may become more uncommon.

Permitted development is a development that you can carry out without needing to apply for full planning permission. You may still need approval under other legislations.

You might be able to extend a house in an AONB under permitted development if you follow the rules, are some examples:

It must not go more than 4m beyond the rear wall of the property if it’s a detached house or 3m for any other dwelling.

Must not be more than 4m high.

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